IFBMA - Legal
and Labor Resources (including IC's and unions)
SYLCO - Collective Agreement
Backlash in Boston and Unionization (1999)
NYBMA's Know Your Rights Manual
York State Department of Labor Independent Contractor Guidelines
Contractor - Do's and Don'ts - Preception & Culture (pdf)
Transerv v. Portland Bike Messengers Union - NLRB decision in the 1993
Orbit Lightspeed (NYC) v. Teamsters - NLRB decision in the 1997 dispute.
Messenger Industry Handbook -
As Fuel - The
successful fight to allow bicycle and foot couriers a tax deduction on
extra food required for them to perform their jobs.
Association of Professional Urban Cyclists' (A.P.U.C.) 1991 submissions
licensing - APUC was a
messenger association that spoke for couriers in the early 1990’s Many
same people became part of Hoof and Cycle.
Act – Universal mail requires minimum courier charges.
Violation of the
Canada Post Act go unpunished and lead to exploitation of the labour
Post's Confirmation -
They will prosecute courier companies who violate the law.
Private Express Statutes (pdf)
Board - Ontario's
Bike and foot couriers are automatically covered.
Contracts - This is a contract
companies use to attempt to avoid labour laws and ethical behaviour.